Corns and calluses are skin conditions that are created as your body responds to friction and pressure on the feet, often caused by constricting footwear. Corns often grow on the side of the toe where two toes rub against each other, and they also frequently form on the tops of your toes where friction from footwear is often the highest.
Calluses are usually much larger than corns and cover a wider area. They are most likely to appear on the heel and ball of the foot due to the concentration of weight and pressure in these areas. Other contributing factors to corn and callus development include excessive pressure from sporting and work activities that can be exacerbated by poorly fitting shoes and improper arch support.
Corns and calluses can often be successfully treated at home using the following methods:
- Insulating corn pads—Specially formed moleskin and foam pads can be placed over corns and calluses to eliminate rubbing and pressure and allow healing to occur.
- Warm water soaks and abrasives—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften calluses and make them easier to file down with a pumice stone or nail file.
- Night time hydration treatment—Cracked heels can become especially painful and require maximum moisturization to counteract. This can be done overnight by liberally applying moisturizer to the affected areas and covering with a sock to hold the cream in place while you sleep.
Since your walking style and foot mechanics can contribute to the formation of corns and calluses, have your feet evaluated by your foot doctor to see how custom orthotic inserts can redistribute pressure. Dr. Scott Nelson of Foot and Ankle Medical Clinic in Garland, TX, is a board-certified and highly experienced podiatrist who has helped people suffering from all types of foot and ankle injuries and deformities. From bunions to diabetic foot problems, sports injuries and fungal nails, you can trust that Dr. Nelson and his staff are wholeheartedly devoted to your foot health. Please contact our office with any questions you may have or to schedule an appointment by calling 972-414-9800.